Montgomery, UNITED STATES
Pro-choice supporters protest in front of the Alabama State House as Alabama state Senate votes on the...
ROAD TO SUPREME COURT: Before reaching the Supreme Court, the Alabama law would need to be challenged in federal district court. The judge's decision would be appealed to the Atlanta-based 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals (pictured). The 11th Circuit is currently split 6-6 between Republican- and Democratic-appointed judges. Trump has made three recent appointments to that court.
Both those courts are bound to follow existing Supreme Court precedent. Only after those two rulings, which could take more than a year, would an appeal reach the high court.
There is a chance that the justices could be asked to intervene at an earlier stage if one of the parties files an emergency application seeking immediate review of a lower court decision. The court could, for example, stay a lower court ruling, but would not rule on the merits of the case at that point.
Pictured: Pro-abortion rights supporters protest in front of the Alabama State House in Montgomery, Alabama, May 14, 2019. REUTERS/Chris Aluka Berry